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Current position: China air quality improvement report (2013-2018) released by the Ministry of ecological environment
China air quality improvement report (2013-2018) released by Ministry of ecology and environment
Release date: June 6, 2019 18:35:23 source: website of Ministry of ecology and Environment Editor:

China's air quality improvement report (2013-2018) (hereinafter referred to as the report) was released by the Ministry of ecology and environment on the site of the world environment day 2019. The report describes in detail the effectiveness and main measures of air control since 2013.

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The report points out that the Chinese government attaches great importance to the prevention and control of air pollution. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, President Xi Jinping has made important instructions on the prevention and control of air pollution on many occasions, personally promoted the comprehensive acceleration of China's air pollution control process, and made efforts and innovations in five aspects, including legal construction, scientific and technological support, comprehensive emission reduction, management innovation and social co governance A systematic and scientific air pollution prevention and control system has been established, and the air quality improvement objectives determined in the air pollution prevention and control action plan have been fully realized.

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According to the report, since 2013, China's economy has continued to grow and energy consumption has continued to increase. In 2018, China's GDP has increased by 39% compared with that in 2013, energy consumption and civil vehicle ownership have increased by 11% and 83% respectively. The concentration of many air pollutants has decreased significantly, and the overall environmental air quality has improved. In the first batch of 74 cities implementing the ambient air quality standard, the average concentration of PM2.5 and SO2 decreased by 42% and 68%, respectively. The average concentration of PM2.5 in Beijing Tianjin Hebei, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta decreased by 48%, 39% and 32% respectively compared with 2013. PM2.5 in Beijing dropped sharply, from 89.5 μ g / m3 to 51 μ g / m3, a decrease of 43%. Since 2013, the total emissions of nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide in China have decreased by 28% and 26%. The distribution pattern of acid rain in China is generally stable, and the area of acid rain is decreasing year by year. In 2013, the area of acid rain areas in China accounted for 10.6% of the national land area. In 2018, it has dropped to 5.5%, with a decrease rate of nearly 50%. At the same time, China has implemented the national strategy of actively coping with climate change, and continuously strengthened the control of greenhouse gas emissions. The rapid growth of carbon emissions has been reversed, making positive contributions to environmental improvement. In 2018, China's carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per unit of GDP decreased by 45.8% compared with 2005, reaching and exceeding the target of reducing CO2 emissions per unit GDP by 40% - 45% in 2020, laying a solid foundation for achieving the peak of China's carbon emissions around 2030 and striving to reach the peak as soon as possible.

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The report stressed that China has fully understood and prepared for the arduousness and complexity of air pollution prevention and control, and will continue to adhere to Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought, implement the three-year action plan for winning the blue sky defense war, focus on key areas, key areas and key periods, strengthen source prevention and control, treat both symptoms and root causes, and treat all the people, so as to accelerate production We should optimize and adjust the industrial structure, energy structure, transportation structure and land use structure, work together to promote high-quality economic development and high-level protection of the ecological environment, spare no effort to promote the continuous improvement of ambient air quality, spare no effort to ensure the completion of all the established objectives and tasks, and strive to win the blue sky defense war, so that the people can have more sense of environmental gain, security and happiness.

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